How to Speak and Understand Urdu. Urdu is also the national language of Pakistan. It is mutually intelligible with Hindi, and is the lingua franca of the Subcontinent of Hindustan (India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh). Urdu has roots of Sanskrit, an Indo-Aryan language, and has significant word and cultural borrowings from Arabic and Persian.
If you want to be able to say most common words in Urdu, start by learning how to pronounce the alphabet. Then you will be able to say any word that is put in front of you. Looking at romanized Urdu works fine if you simply want to learn to speak the language.
To say some common words in Urdu, start by learning how to say hello, which is, “Assalaam-o-Alaikum” and goodbye, which is, “Allah hafez.”
Just to recap, "Mein hoon" means "I am" because "mein" means "I" and is the subject, "hoon" means "am" and is the verb, and the Urdu sentence order is Subject, Object (none in this case), Verb. Like English, the plurals all take the same conjugation.